A futures contract with an underlying of one particular stock, usually in batches of 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 etc. No transmission of share rights or dividends occur. It’s behaving give investors increased capabilities to leverage themselves within the market. Additionally, these products can be traded on margin.
The buyer promises to pay a specified price for 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 etc. shares of a stock at a predetermined future point. The seller promises to deliver the stock at the specified price on the specified future date.
Each Future contract is standardized and includes the following basic specifications:
The contract terms call for stock delivery by the seller at a specified future time. However, most contracts are not held to expiration. The contracts are standardized, making them highly liquid. To get out of an open long (buying) position, the investor simply takes an offsetting short position (sells). Conversely, if an investor has sold (short) a contract and wishes to close it out, he or she buys (goes long) the offsetting contract.